While he was away, the Boeotians rose in rebellion, but were defeated by Antigonus, who bottled them up in Thebes. Struck circa 274/1-260/55 BC. v Grécku a v roku 287 sa stal jeho miestodržiteľom. nach Asien ging, im Peloponnes als Befehlshaber zurück und konnte sich nach der Gefangennahme seines Vaters als Statthalter in Griechenland behaupten.Dem Seleukos I. bot er sich vergeblich als Geisel für seinen gefangenen Vater an. Antigonus cooperated in the defence of Greece against the barbarians, but it was the Aetolians who took the lead in defeating the Gauls. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Antigonus-II-Gonatas. Antigonos II Gonatas, 277/6-239 BC. Er war ein Sohn des Demetrios Poliorketes und der Phila. Horned head of Pan left, lagobolon behind, in the centre of a Macedonian shield / BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIΓONOY, Athena Alkidemos walking left; crested Macedonian helmet in left field, TI in right field. His claim was disputed by Seleucus’ successor, Antiochus I. Antigonus took part in the defense of Greece against the invading Celts (279). He aimed at nothing less than the revival of Alexander's empire and started making preparations on a grand scale, ordering the construction of a fleet of 500 ships, many of them of unprecedented size. Soon after this, the Spartan king, Areus, returned from Crete with 2,000 men. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for ANTIGONOS II GONATAS 277BC Apollo Horseman POSSIBLYUNPB UNIQUE Greek Coin i46660 at the best online prices at … Omissions? Seine Großväter waren die Diadochen Antigonos Monophthalmos und Antipatros. Birth and family . Beyond that he supported the pro-Macedonian faction in various cities in the Peloponnese and the rise to power of tyrants in Sicyon, Argos, Elis, and Megalopolis. Il défait Pyrrhus puis remporte la guerre chrémonidéenne contre une coalition de cités grecques. 277/6-239 BC. Gonatas, Gonatas günstig bei MA-Shops kaufen. Antigone II Gonatas (en grec ancien Αντίγονος Γονατᾶς / Antigonos Gonatas) est un roi de Macédoine de 277 à 239 av. The next stage of Antigonus's career is not documented and what we know has been patched together from a few historical fragments: Antigonus seems to have been on very good terms with Antiochus, the Seleucid ruler of Asia, whose love for Stratonice, the sister of Antigonus, is very famous. The Seleucid Empire had signed a peace treaty with Egypt, but Antiochus's son-in-law, Magas, king of Cyrene, persuaded Antiochus to take advantage of the war in Greece to attack Egypt. 250bcAntigonusIIGonatas.jpg 871 × 708; 448 KB. Antigonus II was the son of Demetrius I Poliorcetes and grandson of Antigonus I. 156 relations. Antigonus II reigned for another 33 years after the death of Pyrrhus, contending with numerous revolts from the Greek cities, and attacks from Ptolemy II. Misunderstanding what was required, Helenus took the rest of the elephants and some picked troops and advanced into the city to help his father. Antigonus was troubled by the rising power and popularity of Aratus. Chr. He was born around 320 BC and spent most of his youth assisting his father in his struggles with the other Successor kings. Antigonos II. Antigonid dynasty. To avert this danger, King Areus of Sparta and the city of Athens—urged on by Ptolemy II of Egypt—declared a war for the liberation of Greece (the Chremonidean War, 267–261). 277tik K.a. And for my part I willingly receive him, and, resolving to make great use of him myself, command you to look upon him as a friend." Uncertain mint in Macedon. Demetrius left Antigonus in control of Greece, while he hurried to Macedonia. Succeeding the Antipatrid dynasty in much of Macedonia, Antigonus ruled mostly … Accordingly, he sent him a gift of 25 talents, but, Aratus, instead of being corrupted by this wealth, immediately gave it away to his fellow citizens. Antigonus Gonatas was born around 319 BC, probably in Gonnoi in Thessaly unless Gonatas is derived from an iron plate protecting the knee (Ancient Greek gonu, genitive gonatos). This was made worse by the elephants. Media in category "Antigonus II Gonatas" The following 4 files are in this category, out of 4 total. Bald schlug Antigonos III. In 267 BC, probably with encouragement from Egypt, an Athenian by the name of Chremonides persuaded the Athenians to join the Spartans in declaring war on Antigonus (see Chremonidean War). Antigonus's Macedonian troops retreated, but his own body of Gallic mercenaries, who had charge of his elephants, stood firm until Pyrrhus's troops surrounded them, whereupon they surrendered both themselves and the elephants. Antigonos II. Antigonos II Gonatas. Under the combined attack, Egypt lost ground in Anatolia and Phoenicia, and the city of Miletus, held by its ally, Timarchus, was seized by Antiochus II Theos. He abandoned his camp and beached his ships, then concealed his men. Antigonos II. With the restoration of the territories captured by Pyrrhus, and with grateful allies in Sparta and Argos, and garrisons in Corinth and other cities, Antigonus securely controlled Macedonia and Greece. Demetrius therefore returned and besieged the city, but he soon grew impatient and decided on a more dramatic course. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Tetradrachm (Silver, 31 mm, 17.03 g, 7 h), Amphipolis, circa 274/1-260/55. In the following year he concluded a peace with Antiochus, surrendering his claim to Macedonia. Doson wurde sein Vormund, Regent und Stiefvater, als er die Mutter heiratete. Antigonus II Gonatas. Pyrrhus, returning in 274 after the failure of his campaign in Italy, drove Antigonus out of Upper Macedonia and Thessaly. Demetrius was taken prisoner in 285 by Seleucus I, who then claimed the Macedonian kingship. Two years later, however, the Egyptian interfered again, inducing with his subsidies the Macedonian governor of Corinth and Euboea, Alexander, son of Craterus, to challenge his king, seeking independence as a tyrant. wurde er mit der Regentschaft für den minderjährigen Thronerben Philipp beauftragt. In 272 BC, Cleonymus, an important Spartan, invited him to invade Laconia. Every Athenian freemen whom he captured was sent back to the Athenians without ransom to encourage them to join the rebellion. Wikipedia. Taking possession of Aegae, the ancient capital of Macedonia, he installed a garrison of Gauls, who greatly offended the Macedonians by digging up the tombs of their kings and leaving the bones scattered about as they searched for gold. Pyrrhus now took control of upper Macedonia and Thessaly, while Antigonus held on to the coastal towns. Hoping to seize Lysimachus's territories in Thrace and Asia, Demetrius delegated command of his forces in Boeotia to Antigonus and immediately marched north. In this campaign he also destroyed the grove and temple of Poseidon that stood at the entrance to Attica near the border with Megara. Rev. Chr. In order to keep Greece in a state of complete dependency by controlling the straits and the supply of grain from the southern Russian region, Macedonia—its vigour restored—needed only to gain mastery over the Aegean Sea. Droysen a. a. O. Kategorie auswählen. After this success he was acknowledged king by the Macedonians in 276. He was related to the most powerful of the Diadochi (the generals of Alexander who divided the empire after his death in 323 BC). Indeed, with the help of Aristeas, he was plotting to seize the city. Antigonos II Gonatas (tiếng Hy Lạp: Αντίγονος B΄ Γονατᾶς, 319 – 239 TCN) là vị quốc vương đã thiết lập triều đại Antigonos ở Macedonia. Gonatas, Gonatas günstig bei MA-Shops kaufen. kam es zum Krieg mit Antiochos I., der Ansprüche auf Makedonien geltend machte. In the meantime the Achaean League was becoming a dangerous opponent. Als Demetrios 229 v. Chr. Antigonus II Gonatas ( Griechisch: Ἀντίγονος B Γονατᾶς) (c . Français : Antigone II Gonatas. In Antigonus II Gonatas …also the chief of the Thessalian League and on good terms with neighbouring Illyria and Thrace. The next year (277 BC), Antigonus, sailed to the Hellespont, landing near Lysimachia at the neck of the Thracian Chersonese. His exile didn't last long, as the Macedonians had at the end to abandon Epirus under pressure from Alexander's allies, the Acarnanians and the Aetolians. Chr.) Seine Großväter waren die Diadochen Antigonos Monophthalmos und Antipatros. Since 251 it had been under the leadership of Aratus of Sicyon and was receiving financial aid from Ptolemy II. In his youth Antigonus had been a student of Zeno, the founder of Stoicism. When news of this success reached Corinth, the Corinthians rose in rebellion, overthrew Antigonus' party, and joined the Achaean League. Needing reinforcements, he wrote to Antigonus as a fellow Greek king, asking him for troops and money, but Antigonus politely refused. He was now also the chief of the Thessalian League and on good terms with neighbouring Illyria and Thrace. Persaeus wrote a treatise on kingship, was the mentor of Halcyoneus, the son of Antigonus, and became commandant of Corinth in 244. SNG Alpha Bank 1017-9 var. He was born around 320 BC and spent most of his youth assisting his father in his struggles with the other Successor kings. 6,07 g. Obv: Helmeted head of Athena right. Antigonus's father was Demetrius Poliorcetes, who was the son of Antigonus I Monophthalmus, who then controlled much of Asia. J.-C., considéré comme l'un des principaux Épigones, les héritiers des Diadoques. In 277 he crossed the Hellespont and defeated the Celts near Lysimacheia. Demetrius appears to have showed his contempt for the lives of his soldiers by replying: "We don't have to find rations for the dead." Chr. Im Jahre 279 v.u.Z. Antigonus II Gonatas - Jona Lendering biographical sketch chronicles events [Livius: Articles in Ancient History]. In 243 BC, in an attack by night, he seized the Acrocorinth, the strategically important fort by which Antigonus controlled the Isthmus and thus the Pelopennese. These words were readily believed by many, and when they were reported to Ptolemy, he half believed them. En mer Égée, il lutte contre les Lagidesdans le cadre de leurs conflits contre … the most serious threat to the Macedonian hegemony in Greece, and since Antigonus' military efforts were unsuccessful, he probably resolved to poison the traitor in 247 BC. After Alexander’s death, however, Antigonus gave Nicaea, Alexander’s widow, to his son Demetrius in marriage and by means of a stratagem regained Corinth in 244. He also neglected to finish off his enemy. Antigonus II Gonatas : biography – "Antigonus II" redirects here. The Macedonian king responded by ravaging the territory of Athens with an army while blockading them by sea. To support the Athenians and prevent the power of Antigonus from growing too much, Ptolemy II Philadelphus, the king of Egypt, sent a fleet to break the blockade. Hoping to conquer first Italy and then Africa, he got involved in wars against Rome and Carthage, the two most powerful states in the western Mediterranean. In the middle of the night, he marched his army up to the city walls and entered through a gate that Aristeas had opened. His mother was Phila, the daughter of Antipater. At the same time, Lysimachus attacked Macedonia from the east while Pyrrhus did so from the west. After two years in which little changed, Antiochus II, the new Seleucid king, made a military agreement with Antigonus, and the Second Syrian War began. After this, the remains were interred at the town of Demetrias that his father had founded in Thessaly. By offering a marriage with his heir Demetrius II Aetolicus Antigonus took in his widow Nicaea and regained control of Corinth in the winter of 245/44 BC. 239), Mazedoniako errege izan zen bi alditan K.a. Antigonus lost Corinth and Chalcis, the two bases from which he dominated southern Greece. View item Toenjes (Germany) Macedon / Makedonien: AE 20 mm 271-239 BC Antigonos II Gonatas 277-239 BC Extremely Fine: 139.68 US$ + 12.75 US$ shipping. The Egyptian admiral, Patroclus, landed on a small uninhabited island near Laurium and fortified it as a base for naval operations. He secured his position in Greece by keeping Macedonian occupation forces in the cities of Corinth, Chalcis on Euboea, and Demetrias in Thessaly, the three “shackles” of Hellas. He made no attempt to regain these territories but instead formed an alliance with the Aetolian League, which made unsuccessful raids of pillage into the Peloponnese. c/m: Head of Hera facing / B-A, Pan erecting trophy to right; [monogram to outer left, monogram between legs]. He decided therefore to either win him over to his side or at least discredit him with Ptolemy. In 239 BC, Antigonus died at the age of 80 and left his kingdom to his son Demetrius II, who was to reign for the next 10 years. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Doson (der die Herrschaft abgebende; 263 v. Chr.–221 v. König Antigonos II. When Pyrrhus learned this, he encamped about Nauplia and the next day dispatched a herald to Antigonus, calling him a coward and challenging him to come down and fight on the plain. Returning to Epirus with an army of eight thousand foot and five hundred horse, he was in need of money to pay them. Circa 277/6-239 BC. Taking the head, which had been cut off by Zopyrus, he rode to where his father was and threw it at his feet. Pyrrhus had been drained by his recent wars in Sicily, and by the earlier "Pyrrhic victories" over the Romans, and thus decided to end his campaign in Italy and return to Epirus. born с 320. died 239 BC. If he were to receive extensive military and financial support from Ptolemy, Aratus would be able to threaten his position. The Macedonians, however, retained their hold on Athens and the rest of Greece. Antigonus II Gonatas was born in 319 BC and died in 239 BC. Antigonus Gonatas was born around 319 BC, probably in Gonnoi in Thessaly unless Gonatas is derived from an iron plate protecting the knee (Ancient Greek gonu, genitive gonatos). Antigonos II Gonatas : German - English translations and synonyms (BEOLINGUS Online dictionary, TU Chemnitz) Pyrrhus, king of Epirus, Macedonia's western neighbour, was a general of mercurial ability, widely renowned for his bravery, but he did not apply his talents sensibly and often snatched after vain hopes, so that Antigonus used to compare him to a dice player, who had excellent throws, but did not know how to use them. As the two armies faced each other, Pyrrhus called out to the various officers by name and persuaded the whole body of infantry to desert. Herunterladen. 20 mm. )," in. Gabbert, Janice; Antigonus II Gonatas: A Political Biography (1997) Thirlwall, Connop; History of Greece, vol. Ông là một vị vua đầy quyền uy và nổi tiếng vì đã đánh bại cuộc xâm lược vùng Balkan của những người Gaul man rợ. The two forces now paused and waited for daylight. Kingdom of Macedon, Antigonos II Gonatas AR Tetradrachm (17.05g, 30mm, 8h) Amphipolis, circa 274/1-260/55 BC. Antigonus II Gonatas (Greek: Ἀντίγονος B΄ Γονατᾶς) (319–239 BC) was a powerful ruler who solidified the position of the Antigonid dynasty in Macedon after a long period defined by anarchy and chaos and acquired fame for his victory over the Gauls who had invaded the Balkans. In 263 BC, the Athenians and Spartans, worn down by several years of war and the devastation of their lands, made peace with Antigonus, who thus retained his hold on Greece. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for ANTIGONOS II GONATAS 277BC Pan Athena Gallic Victory Macedonia Greek Coin i55680 at the best online prices at … King of Macedonia, 277-239 BC. The campaign however went better than expected. Dynasty of Hellenistic kings descended from Alexander the Great's general Antigonus I Monophthalmus . ; † 239 v. Einloggen; Mein MA; Neu anmelden; MA-Shops Startseite; Meist besuchte Artikel; Willkommen; Garantie; Impressum; Hilfe; Münzen, Banknoten, Militaria beim Fachhändler kaufen Neu seit 3 Tagen 7 Tagen Erweiterte Suche. Preferring to use guile rather than military power, Antigonus sought to regain control over Sicyon through winning the young man over to his side. 100% (1/1) Antigonid Antigonids Antigonid Empire. Laden Sie Unionpedia auf Ihrem Android™-Gerät herunter! In 263–262 the city capitulated. Antigonus II Gonatas Father: Demetrius Poliorcetes; Mother: Phila I (daughter of Antipater) Wife: Phila II (daughter of his sister Stratonice I and Seleucus I Nicator) Son: Demetrius II Main deeds. Biography. Antigonus II Gonatas was a worthy successor to Alexander’s throne. Chr. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The messenger, however, failed to convey his instructions clearly. This contested title was assumed by Antigonus himself on the death of his father two years later; however, he did not count the beginning of his reign until 276. Antigonos II Gonatas . This category has only the following subcategory. He died of natural causes in his eightieth year, and was succeeded by his son Demetrius II. While more brilliant leaders, like his father Demetrius and his neighbour Pyrrhus, aimed higher and fell lower, Antigonus achieved a measure of mediocre security. Such an alliance naturally threatened the third successor state, Ptolemaic Egypt. Antigonus II Gonatas (c. 319-239 BC) was a powerful ruler who solidified the position of the Antigonid dynasty in Macedon after a long period defined by anarchy and chaos and acquired fame for his victory over the Gauls who had invaded the Balkans. Antigonus, after reoccupying part of Macedonia, gathered what forces he could and sailed to Greece to oppose him. Antigone II Gonatas (en grec ancien Αντίγονος Γονατᾶς / Antigonos Gonatas) est un roi de Macédoine de 277 à 239 av. When he was sacrificing to the gods in Corinth, he sent portions of the meat to Aratus at Sicyon, and complimented Aratus in front of his guests: "I thought this Sicyonian youth was only a lover of liberty and of his fellow-citizens, but now I look upon him as a good judge of the manners and actions of kings. AR Tetradrachm (30mm, XX g, 5h). Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). DE / € Deutsch; English; Français; Nederlands; EUR; US$ CHF; Startseite . "This is better than what you did before, my son," he said, "but why leave him in these clothes which are a disgrace to us now that we know ourselves the victors?" Gonatás (* 319 pred Kr. 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